This brief article discusses the importance of young children creating their own informal graphical representations of their mathematical thinking and problem solving. As distinguished from formal recording of a completed process, these early markings and symbols enable children to develop understanding and make meaning as well as communicate their thinking. The article includes a list of references, including the authors' research on which the article is based.
preMedia - Numbers
This collection includes Mathematics activities for preschool-aged children.
Count as you are carrying out daily routines.mWhile counting, stop often to ask what number comes next. Ask what number comes after or before a given number.
Children will listen to a song with movements as the adult points out the words in the rhyme. Once your child(ren) knows the song and the motions they will point out the words and control their movements.
Have items ready to complete and extend patterns. You can use blocks, poker chips, candy, cards created for holidays, etc. Hand the materials to your child(ren) and ask them to sort them by likeness. Ask them to create, duplicate, complete, and/or extend a pattern. For example, you can hand them a handful of colored goldfish crackers or colored cereal rings. Once they are sorted, count how many you have of each color. Ask them to select at least 2 colors to make patterns with. Allow them to create more complex patterns as they are ready.