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6th Amendment

Amendment VI: Rights to a fair trial
In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed; which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of counsel for his defence.

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The Confrontation Clause: Crawford v. Washington
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The Sixth Amendment's confrontation clause gives the accused the right âto be confronted with the witnesses against himâ at a criminal trial. This film uses the U.S. Supreme Court case Crawford v. Washington to help explain the history and importance of the confrontation clause and why the framers knew it would be crucial to an effective system of justice.â

Subject:
Social Science
Social Studies
Material Type:
Interactive
Provider:
Annenberg Foundation
Provider Set:
Annenberg Classroom
Date Added:
08/11/2022
A Conversation on the Constitution with Justice Anthony Kennedy: Miranda v. Arizona
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Supreme Court Justice Anthony M. Kennedy leads a discussion with students about the Miranda v. Arizona case, which established that criminal suspects, at the time of their arrest and before any interrogation, must be told of their Fifth Amendment protection against self-incrimination and Sixth Amendment right to an attorney. The decision led to the familiar Miranda warning that begins âYou have the right to remain silent … â

Subject:
Social Science
Social Studies
Material Type:
Interactive
Provider:
Annenberg Foundation
Provider Set:
Annenberg Classroom
Date Added:
08/11/2022
A Conversation on the Constitution with Justices Stephen Breyer, Anthony Kennedy and Sandra Day O'Connor: Jury Service
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Justices Stephen G. Breyer, Sandra Day O'Connor and Anthony M. Kennedy discuss the history and responsibilities of juries and the role they play in the U.S. judicial system.

Subject:
Social Science
Social Studies
Material Type:
Interactive
Provider:
Annenberg Foundation
Provider Set:
Annenberg Classroom
Date Added:
08/11/2022
A Conversation on the Constitution with Justices Stephen Breyer, Anthony Kennedy and Sandra Day O'Connor: The Right to Trial by an Impartial Jury
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Justices Sandra Day O'Connor, Stephen G. Breyer and Anthony M. Kennedy and high school students discuss the Sixth Amendment right to trial by an impartial jury in the context of Edmonson v. Leesville Concrete Co. In this landmark jury selection case, the Court ruled that under the 14th Amendment's equal protection clause, parties in civil cases cannot use race-based peremptory challenges to reject potential jurors.

Subject:
Social Science
Social Studies
Material Type:
Interactive
Provider:
Annenberg Foundation
Provider Set:
Annenberg Classroom
Date Added:
08/11/2022
Escobedo v. Illinois: Supreme Court Case, Arguments, Impact
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Escobedo v. Illinois (1964) asked the U.S. Supreme Court to determine when criminal suspects should have access to an attorney. The majority found that someone suspected of a crime has the right to speak with an attorney during a police interrogation under the Sixth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution.

Subject:
Social Science
Social Studies
Material Type:
Reading
Provider:
ThoughtCo
Provider Set:
Constitution
Author:
Elianna Spitzer
Date Added:
07/10/2024
FAQs: Juries
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Eleven short videos feature constitutional experts, lawyers and judges who discuss juries and jury service, including the American and English histories, the types of juries, how a trial works, and the perspective from the judge, defense and prosecution.

Subject:
Social Science
Social Studies
Material Type:
Interactive
Provider:
Annenberg Foundation
Provider Set:
Annenberg Classroom
Date Added:
08/11/2022
How Do Due Process Protections for the Accused Protect Us All?
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The Founders paid close attention to the rights of the accused because they realized that the government had the power both to prosecute and convict. Protections were needed to guard against the government's abuse of these powers. Understanding how the Fourth, Fifth, Sixth and Eighth Amendments operate to guarantee such protection and how they work to ensure both individual liberty and limit government is vital to maintaining free citizenship. This lesson explores these amendments and the protections they provide.

Subject:
Social Science
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Provider:
Bill of Rights Institute
Date Added:
03/22/2024
How Does the Constitution Protect Liberty?
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The Founders listed several rights guaranteed to the people in the first eight amendments of the Bill of Rights. They did not believe that this list was all encompassing, so they included the Ninth Amendment as a way to protect the rights of the people that were not listed in the first Eight. This lesson explores the nature of these unnamed rights and examines the arguments around who should interpret them, judges or the people.

Subject:
Social Science
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Provider:
Bill of Rights Institute
Date Added:
03/22/2024
Jury Selection: Edmonson v. Leesville Concrete Company
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This documentary tells how a Black construction worker's personal-injury lawsuit against his employer evolved into a landmark jury selection case on the Sixth Amendment right to an impartial jury. The U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Edmonson v. Leesville Concrete Co. that under the 14th Amendment's equal protection clause, parties in civil cases cannot use race-based peremptory challenges to reject potential jurors.

Subject:
Social Science
Social Studies
Material Type:
Interactive
Provider:
Annenberg Foundation
Provider Set:
Annenberg Classroom
Date Added:
08/11/2022
Jury Selection on Trial
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In this lesson, students learn about the process used for jury selection and how the role and responsibilities of government in civil and criminal jury trials are viewed by the Supreme Court. They also reflect on the democratic values, principles, and dispositions of character working behind the scenes.

Subject:
Social Science
Social Studies
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Provider:
Annenberg Foundation
Provider Set:
Annenberg Classroom
Date Added:
08/11/2022
A Jury of Your Peers
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In this lesson, students learn about the Sixth Amendment's guarantee of the right to a trial by an impartial jury chosen from a cross-section of the community. Students explore how this right has not always been protected when potential jurors were excluded because of their race, ethnicity, and gender. Access to this resource requires a free educator login.

Subject:
History
Social Science
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Provider:
Teach Democracy
Date Added:
05/10/2024
Justice for All in the Courtroom
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In this lesson, students analyze the interplay of processes and procedures that courts use to seat an impartial jury and gain appreciation for the essential role of juries in the justice system. They also explore the responsibilities and limits placed on government by the Constitution in the context of civil and criminal trials.

Subject:
Social Science
Social Studies
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Provider:
Annenberg Foundation
Provider Set:
Annenberg Classroom
Date Added:
08/11/2022
Key Constitutional Concepts
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This three-part documentary discusses why and how the Constitution was created at the Constitutional Convention and explores the protection of individuals' rights in the Supreme Court case Gideon v. Wainwright and limits on presidential power through checks and balances in the Supreme Court case Youngstown v. Sawyer.

Subject:
Social Science
Social Studies
Material Type:
Interactive
Provider:
Annenberg Foundation
Provider Set:
Annenberg Classroom
Date Added:
08/11/2022
Massiah v. United States: Supreme Court Case, Arguments, Impact
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In Massiah v. United States (1964), the U.S. Supreme Court held that the Sixth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution prevents police officers from deliberately eliciting incriminating statements from a suspect after that suspect has invoked the right to counsel.

Subject:
Social Science
Social Studies
Material Type:
Reading
Provider:
ThoughtCo
Provider Set:
Constitution
Author:
Elianna Spitzer
Date Added:
07/10/2024
Miranda v. Arizona (1966)
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Case background and primary source documents concerning the Supreme Court case of Miranda v. Arizona. Dealing with the Fifth and Sixth Amendments and whether or not the accused needs to be advised of their rights upon arrest, this lesson asks students to evaluate the extent to which Miranda is the fulfillment of the legal tradition of the promise against self-incrimination.

Subject:
Social Science
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Provider:
Bill of Rights Institute
Date Added:
03/22/2024
Padilla v. Kentucky: Supreme Court Case, Arguments, Impact
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In Padilla v. Kentucky (2010), the Supreme Court examined an attorney’s legal obligation to inform a client that a guilty plea might impact their immigration status. In a 7-2 decision, the Supreme Court found that, under the Sixth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution, an attorney must advise their client if a plea may result in deportation.

Subject:
Social Science
Social Studies
Material Type:
Reading
Provider:
ThoughtCo
Provider Set:
Constitution
Author:
Elianna Spitzer
Date Added:
07/10/2024
Sixth Amendment Interactive
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This tool allows students to explore the rights the Sixth Amendment grants to defendants in criminal trials by linking the text's most debated clauses to expert knowledge on their various interpretations.

Subject:
Social Science
Social Studies
Material Type:
Game
Provider:
Annenberg Foundation
Provider Set:
Annenberg Classroom
Date Added:
08/11/2022
Strickland v. Washington: Supreme Court Case, Arguments, Impact
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In Strickland v. Washington (1986) the U.S. Supreme Court designed standards for determining when an attorney’s assistance has been so ineffective that it creates a violation of the Sixth Amendment.

Subject:
Social Science
Social Studies
Material Type:
Reading
Provider:
ThoughtCo
Provider Set:
Constitution
Author:
Elianna Spitzer
Date Added:
07/10/2024
Timeline: Sixth Amendment
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The Sixth Amendment provides rights and protections to people accused of crimes. These include the right to a speedy and public trial by an impartial jury; the right to be informed of the charges; the right to confront adverse witnesses, and the right to counsel.

Subject:
Social Science
Social Studies
Material Type:
Reading
Provider:
Annenberg Foundation
Provider Set:
Annenberg Classroom
Date Added:
08/11/2022