Material Type:
Activity/Lab, Teaching/Learning Strategy
Lower Elementary
Lesson Plan, UEN, forcesofmotion, kindergartenSEEd, kindergartenseed, uollesson, uolprek-2, uolscience
Creative Commons Attribution
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Education Standards

Forces of Motion K.3.1

Forces of Motion K.3.1


Lesson for kindergarten SEEd strand 3.1

Standard K.3.1
Plan and conduct an investigation to compare the effects of different strengths or different directions of forces on the motion of an object. Emphasize forces as a push and pull on an object. 

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Created by Laura Anderl through



In this lesson students will compare different directions of forces on the motion of an object, specifically pushes and pulls. Standard K.3.1

Students will explore how pushing and pulling are forces that move objects.


Toys that can be pushed and pulled.

toy cars


pull toys 


roller skate

stuffed animal

Background for Teachers

In this lesson you will need to know the terms:

motion- moving

change of motion- a change in an objects movement

push- exerting force to move away from

pull- exerting force to move towards



Student Prior Knowledge

Students should have some understanding of making an object move.  Students should have observed the motion of objects like cars, ball, wagons etc.



Instructional Procedures


Tell the students that you will be studying motion.  Ask students to talk to think, pair, share about "What is motion?"

Have students share and tell what they know and discussed about motion.  Tell the students they will be learning about two ways to put an object in motion, by pushing or pulling it.

Share the video read-aloud Push and Pull.

Push and Pull


Talk about push and pull.  Let students define the words push and pull.  

Let the students play/ experiement with the toys.  Have them sort them into objects that move by pushing and objects that move by pulling.  Can any of their toys be pushed and pulled?  Which toys can only be pulled?  Are there any toys that can only  move by being pushed?

Create a Push/Pull chart and record the students results from their experiments with the toys. (attached)

Teacher teaches students actions to demonstrate push and pull.  Push can be both hands pushing away from the student.  Pull can be hands clenched and pulling towards body as if pulling in a tug of war.  




Strategies for Diverse Learners

Provide opportunities for students to engage with toys and other manipulatives to reinforce push and pull as forces of motion.

Assessment Plan

Assessment for this lesson will be informal observation as students engage with the toys and motion experiment.  Teacher will check for understanding as the push/pull chart is completed.

Teacher shows toys in motion and students use their actions for push and pull to show if the toys motion is being caused by pushing or pulling.



Laura Anderl