Elementary English Language Arts
Material Type:
Lower Elementary
  • Lesson Plan
  • uol3-5
  • uolela
  • uolk-2
  • uollesson
    Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial
    Media Formats:

    Education Standards

    Build a Story

    Build a Story


    "Children's Books" by lydia_x_liu is licensed under CC BY 2.0.


    Reading: Literature Standard 3
    Describe characters, settings, and major events in a story, using key details.

    Reading: Literature Standard 5
    Describe the overall structure of a story, including describing how the beginning introduces the story and the ending concludes the action.


    Students will be asked to generate a story using story boards and visual aids. This lesson will target story elements, main idea, key details, and sequencing.



    Background for Teachers

    To teach this lesson, you will need an understanding of teaching story elements to students with disabilities. In terms of content, you will need knowledges about story element, teaching main idea and sequencing. Attached are resouces that can help. (Here is a link to the article the resources came from:



    Step 1 - Goals and Outcomes

    Step 1 Goals and Outcomes

    Learning Intentions:

    • Students will be able to generate a story using story boards and visual aids.

    Success Criteria:

    • Students will identify story elements and sequence details and events.


    Step 2 - Planning Instruction

    Step 2 Planning Instruction

    Student Background Knowledge

    • Prior to this lesson, students will need to have an understanding of how stories are formed, story elements, main idea, and details

    Strategies for Diverse Learners

    Teachers can use visual aids to help students orgainze their thoughts (I.e., story map, cue cards, etc.) give more prompting or cues to students.

    Step 3 - Instruction

    Step 3 Instruction

    I have included a story organizer that students will fill out to help organize their thoughts before telling their story. I have also included visual aids to help students come up with characters, settings, and events.

    Walk through each portion of the organizer with students - go over character, setting, events, etc. Provide writing support if needed. Students have flexiblilty in filling out the organizer - it is a guide for them to give them a visual when coming up with their story. 

    After completing the organizer, students will be asked to tell the story verbally in correct sequence. Students can use their organizer to help guide their story. 

    NOTE: I am a speech pathologist and only see my kids for 10-15 minutes at a time. This lesson is designed to be able to completed in 1 or 2 sessions.

    • Files:
      • Visual aids for character, setting, and events
      • Story organizer
    • Links:
      • Youtube video explaining story elements (for lower students or those who have never been exposed to the material before)


    Step 4 - Assessments

    Step 4 Assessments

    After telling their story, students will go back and reiterate what the different story elements were. To check for understanding, they will be asked to read another story (or have one read to them depending on reading level) and they will have to complete a worksheet to identify the story elements.