Elementary English Language Arts
Material Type:
Activity/Lab, Media Object
Lower Elementary
  • Lesson Plan
  • photography
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    Education Standards

    Photo How to Lesson Plan

    Photo How to Lesson Plan


    This is a lesson having students do a sequence of events making a peanut butter and jelly sandwhich using the verbage first, next, then and last. They will take photos to showcase their steps. This will be done in groups. 

    My preview image is a public domain image found on



    In this assignment students will work in groups to write a how to book pr poster using first, next, then, and last. They will take pictures of their process to be printed and made into a poster of book of their choosing. This project will take place over the course of a week doing part of it each day. Each day will be about 20-30 mins of time. 

    Background for Teachers

    Have your example of an how to project. Be ready to teach using vocabulary of first, next, then, last. The example for this lesson is how to make toast. Make sure to have access to ipads for each group to use. 

    Have poster board ready or paper for students to make posters or books. 

    Paper for students to write their steps during brainstorming. 

    Peanut butter and jelly sandwich supplies


    Step 1 - Goals and Outcomes

    Step 1 Goals and Outcomes

    Learning Intentions:

    • Students will be able to write a how to book of making a peanut butter and jelly sandwich.
    • Students will be able to take photos using an ipad as they create the process themselves. 
    • Students will be able to put they words and pictures together in a poster or a book.

    Success Criteria:

    • Students will tell how to make a peanut butter and jelly sandwich.
    • Students will share their process with the class. 


    Step 2 - Planning Instruction

    Step 2 Planning Instruction

    Student Background Knowledge

    • Prior to this lesson, students will need to have an understanding of how to take pictures on an ipad. 
    • Know the vocabulary, first, next, then, last and how to use them. Other lessons using this verbage should have been taught. This can be culminating project showing they understand how to sequence events using those words. 
    • Ask students what they know how to make. 

    Strategies for Diverse Learners

    Students will be in groups so they can help each other through the process. 

    Step 3 - Instruction

    Step 3 Instruction

    Day 1

    On this day students will practice taking pictures with an ipad so they can be comfortable with it. The project will also be introduced this day. The example will be shared so the students can see what their end result can look like. 

    Teacher questions

    "What are some things you know how to make?" "What do you need to make that?" 

    Make a list of ideas from the class. 

    "You will be doing a project as a group and will be making a how to book of how to make peanut butter and jelly." (if there is a peanut allergy a different sandwich or snack can be subsitituted)

    "We will be using the terms first, next, then and last."

    Show the class the example. 

    "Today we will be practicing taking pictures with the ipad to get comfortable using it."

    Assign groups and have each group take 5-10 pictures of just things in the classroom. 

    Remind students not to take pictures of other students unless they ask. 

    (delete all pictures after today)

    Day 2

    Review the example of the how to 

    "Today in your groups you will write the steps for your how to book or poster. Be sure to use the words first, next, then and last." This verbage is important so they know the correct order for their steps. This should have been covered in other lessons previous. Let students brainstorm and write the steps the way they think they need to be done. There is not right or wrong way to do this. Make sure they brainstorm the steps in the order they should be done. They can do this writing or even drawing pictures. 

    Collect students' work to have ready for the next day. 

    Day 3 

    Students will take pictures of their process. Provide each group with 2 pieces of bread, peanut butter and jelly and a plastic knife and paper plate. Students will work together to take photos of the process and they put together their sandwhiches according to the instructions they wrote. If something doesn't go as planned they can change their steps as needed.

    Day 4 

    Have pictures printed for the students. Hand out the pictures and paper or poster depending on what they need. 

    Students will create their books and posters and will add their written steps to it. 

    Day 5 

    Students will present their work to the class on this day. 


    Step 4 - Assessments

    Step 4 Assessments

    Their writing will be assessed and if they use the correct words, first, next, then, last. 

    Rubric is attached.