- Material Type:
- Interactive, Lesson Plan, Nearpod
- Upper Elementary
- Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial Share Alike
- Media Formats:
Students will develop a deeper understanding of idioms. This lesson aligns with the core standard:
Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative language such as metaphors and similes.
This lesson includes video, Nearpod, class discussion, and independent work.
Preview image taken from: https://nearpod.com/t/english-language-arts/5th/idioms-barking-up-the-wrong-tree-L38568952
Students will be able to distinguish between literal and figurative language. Students will be able to explain literal and figurative/metaphorical meanings of idioms.
- Subject: ELA
- Grade level: 5
Background for Teachers
This lesson focuses on Reading Literature Standard 4: Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative language such as metaphors and similes.
For an overview of idioms, visit: Idioms
This video reviews literal and figurative meanings:
Step 1 - Goals and Outcomes
Students will be able to
- explore the use of idioms
- explore the figurative/metaphorical and literal meanings of idioms through words and images
- correctly use idioms in context
Step 2 - Planning Instruction
- Chart paper
- Student drawing paper
Chromebooks, or other devices, for students
Step 3 - Instruction
Choose one of the following videos.
Discuss what idioms the students heard and their meanings.
Think, pair, share: students discuss what idioms they have heard or read.
Class discussion: chart, or list, the idioms shared. Create a class definition of idioms.
Students choose a favorite idiom from the list and create an illustration of the literal meaning. Don't allow students to share their drawings yet.
Begin by having students partner up and share their drawings from the previous lesson. Partners try to guess the idiom.
Teach students that idioms are handed down through generations.
Guide, or allow students to work independently, through the Nearpod lesson.
For students with learning differences, play the following game using emojis to illustrate idioms. (This could also be used as an extension activity.)
Create an idiom wall in the classroom.
Step 4 - Assessments
Students show the correct use of idioms in sentences with the
(Students can print pages.)
Scoring Rubric is attached.
Students create a Book of Idioms.
Students write one idiom on each side of the page with the figurative meaning below. Students then create an illustration of the literal meaning. Use a solid color paper for the cover. Pages can be folded and stapled in the center with a book making stapler.
Students could also make a literal meaning video.