Kristen Ellis
Elementary English Language Arts
Material Type:
Interactive, Lesson Plan, Reading
Lower Elementary
  • Ch
  • Digraph
  • Lesson Plan
    Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial
    Media Formats:
    Downloadable docs, Text/HTML

    Education Standards

    Digraph ch

    Digraph ch


    Students learn how to identify, write, and read the /ch/ sound in a fun and interactive way.


    This lesson will introduce the Ch digraph to students.  They will learn the /ch/ sound, how to spell it when writing, and read words with ch. 


    Face-to-face instruction. This lesson has 3 parts, each about 10-15 minutes.  You could teach it in one day or 3 consecutive days


    This lesson was inpired by BYU SEEL.  


    Background for Teachers

    Materials Needed:

    • food to eat (example: chips, cheese, cherries, punch, tootsie rolls, etc.)
    • Journals or materials for interactive writing
    • Copy of partner play for each student

    Teachers, it may be helpful to learn about how to create the /ch/ and /sh/ sounds in the mouth.  These sounds are difficult for many ELL students to distinguish and pronunciate correctly.  This video is helpful.


    Step 1 - Goals and Outcomes

    Step 1 Goals and Outcomes

    Learning Intentions:

    • Students will be able to identify the /ch/ sounds in words, write words with the /ch/ sound, and read words with the /ch/ sound.  They will know that /ch/ can be spelled with ch or tch.

    Success Criteria:

    • Students will write the /ch/ sound in words correctly.  They will accurately read words with the /ch/ sound.


    Step 2 - Planning Instruction

    Step 2 Planning Instruction

    Student Background Knowledge

    • Prior to this lesson, students will need to have an understanding of segmenting the sounds in words and an understanding that letters, or combinations of letters, represent the sounds in words.


    In this lesson, students will first do an interactive activity that will help them build background knowledge with the /ch/ sound and practice identifying the /ch/ sound in words.  Next, the students will use this experience to write using words with the /ch/ sound.  Finally, they will read words with the /ch/ sound.

    Step 3 - Instruction

    Step 3 Instruction

    • Introduce the /ch/ sound with this video.
    • Tell the children we are going to have a little lunch.  (You could eat pretend food, but it's so much more fun with real food!) While we munch on our lunch we will listen for the /ch/ sound.  Write the letters ch and on the board and each time you hear or say the /ch/ sound point out that it is written as ch. Proceed to crunch on chips, chew on cheese, drink some punch, and even munch on a bunch of chewy chocolate (tootsie rolls).   Emphasize the /ch/ sound and get students to say words with /ch/ too.
    • Write about your lunch.  Depending on what works best for you and your students, you could do an interactive writing with the whole class (or in small groups) or have students write independently in their journals about the lunch you ate.  For example, they might write, "I can crunch chips.  I like to chew on chocolate..."  As they write, emphasize that they need to write the /ch/ sound as ch.  (If you are also teaching your students about the tch spelling, this is a good time to point it out.)
    • Read about your lunch.  Put students into pairs to read the partner play about thier lunch.  Have them practice multiple times for fluency.  You could have them highlight the /ch/ sounds in the words.  If desired, they could perform the play for the class or record a video to post on thier ClassDojo portfolio to share with their parents.


    Step 4 - Assessments

    Students self-assess whether they can write the /ch/ sound correctly by highlighting the /ch/ sound in their writing.

    Observe students reading/performing the partner plays to determine if they can decode and read words with ch.