Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Upper Elementary
  • Lesson Plan
  • License:
    Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial
    Media Formats:

    /R/ Production Lesson Plan

    /R/ Production Lesson Plan


    This is a lesson plan designed for sixth grade students in speech therapy who have mastered the /r/ sound. Students will demonstrate mastery through creating a video demonstrating correct production of the /r/ with an explanation of how to achieve the /r/ sound. They will also describe common /r/ sound substitutions. This project uses Pages, Camera, and iMovie on the iPad. 
    This lesson plan addresses the following speech articulation standard for /r/:
    "Student will correctly produce /r/ in words with 80%+ accuracy as measured by clinician data"


    This lesson plan is designed for 6th grade students to demonstrate understanding of the principles of correct /r/ production, the most common /r/ substitutions, and demonstrating mastery of producing a correct /r/ at the word level through creating a video in iMovie on the iPad. 

    The preview image was obtained from This image is public domain allowing for free and legal use.


    This lesson is designed as a final project for students in speech therapy who have been working on the /r/ sound and are at mastery. Students should be able to effectively demonstrate correct production of the /r/ before completing this lesson. This lesson will take approximately two sessions with each session being 30 minutes. This lesson can be extended as needed and is meant to be taught in face-to-face instruction. 

    Background for Teachers

    Teachers will need an understanding of how to create an iMovie, including adding photos, video, and voice-over to an iMovie project. Teachers will also need to know how to explain the correct tongue placement for the /r/ sound, know common sound substitutions, and how to effectively demonstrate a correct /r/. 

    See resources below for how to create an iMovie, how to produce the /r/ sound, and common /r/ substitutions. 


    Step 1 - Goals and Outcomes

    Step 1 Goals and Outcomes

    Learning Intentions: Students will be able to effectively explain and demonstrate correct production of the /r/ phoneme. They will also be able to explain common /r/ substitutions. 

    Success Criteria: Students will create a video demonstrating correct production of /r/ at the word level as well as explaining how to achieve correct production and common sound substitutions. 


    Step 2 - Planning Instruction

    Step 2 Planning Instruction

    Student Background Knowledge

    Prior to this lesson, students will need to understand what a correct /r/ sounds like and how their tongue placement affects sound production. Use the worksheet "W and R Minimal Pairs" to provide students with examples of the difference between the often used error /w/ in place of the correct /r/ sound. Do not show them the pictures on the worksheet until after they have identified the words. Discuss how using the incorrect sound can sometimes change into a completely different word. Students will also need to be familiar with how to take notes in Pages and create a video using iMovie.

    Strategies for Diverse Learners

    For students demonstrating difficulty explaining or showing how to produce a correct /r/, the teacher should demonstrate correct modeling of the /r/ sound for the student and explain in detail how the /r/ is achieved. Students should practice with the teacher to ensure understanding of and appropriate explanation of the /r/ sound. 

    Step 3 - Instruction

    Step 3 Instruction

    To begin this lesson, the teacher should review with the student how to correctly produce the /r/ sound through modeling as well as explaining how it is achieved. Then discuss the common sound substitution for the /r/. Explain that the students are going to create a video in iMovie explaining and demonstrating a correct /r/ as well as common /r/ substitutions. They will be creating their project in two parts. The first part will be using Pages to gather information and create a narrative outline. The second part will be adding their info in iMovie to create their final video. There is no video length requirement but video should contain all necessary information. 

    Part 1: Pages

    -Students will open Pages on their iPad and create a new document

    -Students will write a few sentences explaining how to properly produce the /r/ sound.

    -Students will search for free images and videos demonstrating a correct /r/ and insert them into their document for later access when creating their iMovie

    Part 2: iMovie

    -Students will open iMovie and create a new movie

    -Students will add images and prerecorded videos

    -Students will then add voice-over or music as needed


    The final project will be shared with one other person of the student's choosing (parent, teacher, friend, etc). This will be the student's final project to demonstrate mastery of the /r/ sound. 

    Example video shown below. 




    Step 4 - Assessments

    Step 4 Assessments

    This assignment will be graded according to the attached rubric.