Author:
Travis Foster
Subject:
Literature, English Language Arts, Secondary English Language Arts
Material Type:
Activity/Lab, Assessment
Level:
Middle School, High School
Tags:
  • Character Analysis
  • Characterization
  • ELA
  • English
  • Literary Elements
  • Secondary
    License:
    Creative Commons Attribution
    Language:
    English
    Media Formats:
    Downloadable docs, Video

    DIRECT & INDIRECT CHARACTERIZATION

    DIRECT & INDIRECT CHARACTERIZATION

    Overview

    This lesson plan reviews direct and indirect characterizations, which students can use to aid them in writing a character analysis short essay.  Students will be introduced to the S.T.E.A.L. method, which they will use to identify a character's traits, motives, and physiological makeup.  This resource has been created for secondary levels. This lesson plan can be used to supplement any Literary Element Unit.

    DIRECT & INDIRECT CHARACTERIZATION

    NOTES:  This activity can also be adapted to a novel that you are reading in class or any short story that has a strong major character.  

    This lesson will take two class periods to complete. 

    All materials needed have been provided.

     

    STUDENT GOALS

    Students will be able to distinguish between Direct and Indirect Characterization.

    Students will be able to make educated inferences about a character based on their actions, thoughts, dialogue, and looks.

    Students will be able to analyze how complex characters develop over the course of a text, interact with other characters, and advance the plot or develop the theme.

    Students will be able to write a character analysis that is based upon textual evidence and educated inferences based on the character's actions, thoughts, dialogue, and looks.

    LESSON OVERVIEW

    In this lesson, students will learn how characters are developed throughout the plot and are used to progress the overarching theme of the text.  Students will learn about direct and indirect characterization in this lesson and will be given the tools and skills needed to analyze and evaluate the major characters within a text.  Teachers can use all of the resources attached to this lesson plan to help teach their students about characterization and show them examples to help support and further their understanding of the literary device.  Students will use the S.T.E.A.L. model to analyze the main character in the short story, The Story of An Hour by Kate Chopin, and apply what they have learned from the presentation and examples shown in the lesson.  Students then will take the information that they have developed from completing the STEAL chart and apply that evidence and write a character analysis essay that will be the summative assessment of the lesson. 

    CONTENT

    What is CHARACTERIZATION? Characterization represents a character's traits, motives, and psychology in a narrative. Characterization may occur through the direct description, in which the character's qualities are described by a narrator, another character, or by the character him or herself. It may also occur indirectly, in which the character's qualities are revealed by his or her actions, thoughts, or dialogue.

    What is DIRECT CHARACTERIZATION? (TELLING) The narrator makes direct statements about a character’s traits. The author tells us about the character’s personality to our face.

    What is INDIRECT CHARACTERIZATION? (SHOWING) The author or narrator reveals character traits through actions and speech.

    ACTIVITY

    STEP #1: Review the presentation on Characterization with your students. Explain the difference between Direct and Indirect Characterization.  Review the S.T.E.A.L. method to help students identify character traits through actions and speech.     

    STEP #2: Have students watch the instructional video, Direct and Indirect Characterization "Show and Tell". After the video, have the students verbally explain to a partner what they learned about Direct and Indirect Characterization.  

    STEP #3: Have students watch the instructional video, Characterization Lesson - Examples from Frozen, and after the video help them recall the examples for each of the categories found within the S.T.E.A.L. method.  

    STEP #4: Read the short story, The Story of An Hour by Kate Chopin, and have the students high the main character's actions, thoughts, and speech that appear throughout the text.  After the class reading, have the students get into small groups and discuss the main character's actions, thoughts, and speech.  

    STEP #5: Have students complete the S.T.E.A.L. graphic organizer.  Students will need to identify an example for each category and explain their inference of what insight that gives us to the main character.  After the majority of students have completed the graphic organizer, please review it with the class to confirm their understanding of the assignment.  

    ASSESSMENT

    Option #1:

    Have the students write a character analysis (3 paragraphs) about the main character in The Story of An Hour that explains the character's traits, motives, and psychological makeup.  Students will use the S.T.E.A.L. graphic organizer to write and organize their character analysis.  Students' writing will be assessed by the attached rubric.  

    Option #2: 

    Have the students create a news report video using Adobe Express.  The news report needs to tell the story of the character and include the following information about the character:  Overall, the student needs to analyze the character and tell us about them based on what they have learned about them in the story.

    1.  What does the character say or how do they speak, and what does that tell us about the character?

    2.  What does the main character reveal in their private thoughts?

    3. How do other people in the story view this person?  What does that tell us about the character?

    4. What does the character's behavior tell us about them?

    5. What does the character's appearance tell us about them?  What can we infer about them based on what they look like or dress like?

    Video Requirements

    Needs to be 3-5 Minutes in length.

    Needs to be shareable on Canvas

    Needs to look professional and be entertaining/interesting

    Students need to demonstrate their creativity in the video

    Students need to demonstrate their understanding of Characterization

    All Resources are attached below.

    Thumbnail Image was taken from Free Clipart Library © 2016