Name That Mountain Type
This resource is a Science student activity that utilizes Utah's Online Library resources - specifically, EBSCO's Science Reference Center - to help students learn about mountain types.
About Utah’s Online Library
Utah's Online Library provides Utah educators and students free access to high-quality reference collections such as EBSCO, Gale Reference Collection, World Book, eMedia, and LearningExpress Library.
This activity was designed to help educators utilize this amazing resource in their classrooms.
Note: Utah educators and students visiting Utah's Online Library from a school computer should be automatically authenticated. When at home, students must use the home access login that their teacher or school media specialist can provide. Utah educators can use either their my.uen login or the home access login.
Essential Question: How does the surface of the earth change?
Mountains are formed in a variety of ways.
Fold mountains are created when tectonic plates collide or push against each other, causing the surface of the Earth to buckle and fold upward.
Dome mountains are formed when magma below the surface of the earth pushes upward but doesn't actually break the surface of the earth. The magma pushes rock layers upward. The magma eventually cools and solidifies into hard rock. The upward thrust of the magma and below-the-surface rocks forms a dome mountain.
Volcanic mountains are formed when volcanoes erupt. Molten rock below the surface of the earth is called magma. Once magma breaks through the surface, it is called lava. When volcanic lava cools, it forms rock and mountains.
Fault-block mountains are formed when cracks or faults in the surface of the earth cause parts of tectonic plates to move upward or downward and break into blocks or chunks.
Plateau mountains are also called erosion mountains. They are formed when water (usually rivers) erodes portions of the surface of the earth. The running water creates deep crevices, and the un-eroded portions of the surface become plateau mountains. Students can use the excellent resources in Utah's Online Library to begin their exploration of worldwide mountains. Have them determine the type of mountain and the continent for each of the mountains listed.
|Mountain||Continent||Type of Mountain|
|Mount Cook (also known as Aoraki or Aorangi)|
|K2 (also known as Mount Godwin-Austen)|
|Black Hills (in South Dakota)|
|Denali (also known as Mount McKinley)|
|Sierra Nevada Mountains|
|Enchanted Rock (in Texas)|
|Mount St. Helens|
|Mount Olympus (the one in Greece - not the one in Utah)|
EBSCO's Science Reference Center is a good place to start for students to understand the physical processes that shape the earth's surface.