Author:
Alisa
Subject:
Social Studies
Material Type:
Assessment, Homework/Assignment, Lesson Plan
Level:
Lower Elementary, Upper Elementary
Tags:
Lesson Plan
License:
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial
Language:
English
Media Formats:
Text/HTML

Education Standards

Continents and Oceans

Continents and Oceans

Overview

This is a lesson plan that fits the core curriculum for 2nd grade social studies. Students will be able to identify and label the seven continents, five oceans, two poles, and the equator on a map. 

Thumbnail: "World Political Map." Gale Elementary Online Collection, Gale, a Cengage Company, 2020. Gale In Context: Elementary, link.gale.com/apps/doc/LJQVQK451405211/ITKE?u=onlinelibrary&sid=bookmark-ITKE&xid=c47a5c55. Accessed 31 July 2022.

Summary

 

This lesson encompasses teaching the seven continents and five oceans, along with identifying the two poles and equator location. 

Time Frame: I would suggest taking a week or two on this lesson plan. Could be modified to be shorter or longer. You could also break this up into continents one day, and oceans another day. 

Format: Face to Face or Virtual

 

Background for Teachers

 

To teach this lesson, you will need an understanding of where the seven continents and five oceans, along with the two poles, and the equator are located on a map or globe. 

The following resources can help you teach this topic:

 

GALE in Context: The Moving Continents

 

 

Step 1 - Goals and Outcomes

Standard 3 Students will use geographic tools and skills to locate and describe places on earth.

Standard 3 Objective 2 Students will demonstrate geographic skills on a map and a globe. 

Standard 3 Objective 2d Students will locate and label the following on a map or a globe: the seven continents, the five oceans, the poles, and the equator.  

 

 

Step 2 - Planning Instruction

 

Prior to this lesson, students will need to have an understanding of the fact that we live on the planet earth and that our planet is made up of land and water. To activate student background knowledge, we will do a KWL chart as a class before we start the lesson. We will first discuss what we KNOW about the earth's continents and oceans. Then we will discuss WHAT we would like to learn about the earths continents, oceans, poles, and equator. At the end of the lesson we will fill in the side of the chart that explains what we Learned about the earth's continents and oceans. 

Step 3 - Instruction

I am also adding an enrichment activity to wrap up what we have learned about Continents and Oceans found in Utah's Online Library under World Book kids. I listed the link, but it is found by going to the Worldbook Kids tab under Utah's Online Library and clicking on Activities, then Doodle and Design. (Linked)

 

To access the blank map for instruction, login to Utah's Online Library and select Worldbook Online, then Kids. Next, select Maps and More, Outline Maps and Flags, and then select World. Last, select Without Words, then World, to access the map. 

Gather the students to the rug area where you will have the KWL Chart set up along with a couple of picture books of your choice set out to read. Tell the students that we will be learning about our wonderful planet Earth. Earth is made up of roughly 70% water and only 30% land. We are going to learn about the different continents and oceans that make up planet earth, and they will be able to identify each continent and ocean at the end of our unit. 

Explain that we will be filling out a KWL Chart to help us see what we already know about continents and oceans.  As children raise their hand, invite them to come up and write something they KNOW about continents and oceans in the KNOW section.  Next, invite students to come up and write in the WHAT section of the chart of something they would like to learn about earths continents and oceans. Leave the LEARN section blank for now and explain that after we have learned everything we can about continents and oceans, we will be able to fill in what we Learned. 

Show the video Continents of the World For Kids by Homeschool Pop and then the video Oceans of the World For Kids by Homeschool Pop. After watching the two videos, pass out a blank map of the seven continents and oceans to each student.  In small groups have students neatly fill in and label the names of the continents and oceans, along with labeling the equator and two poles on their own map. They also need to color the continents and oceans neatly with colored pencil. They may discuss and help each other in their small groups. This map will serve as their study guide for an assessment to be given at a later date. 

 As a class fill in the last section of the KWL Chart, what I LEARNED.

On the whiteboard make a word bank of the names of the continents and oceans, as well as the two poles and equator to help students as they label their map.

As students finish up, direct them to Utah's Online Library and Worldbook Kids.Have them click on Games, then Sorting to play the sorting game called Countries and Continents. (Linked)

 (This lesson plan can be split up into mulitple days, separating the days that you teach the continents and the days you teach about the oceans of the world).

 

 

Step 4 - Assessments

An informal or formative assessment for this lesson is embedded in each of the videos that will be shown in the Instruction section of this lesson plan. The formative assessment could be done as a whole class to get a feel for if the students are learning and engaging with the video. 

A summative assessment for this lesson could include handing out a blank copy of a map and having the students indiviually label each continent, ocean, two poles, and the equator.  Make a word bank on the whiteboard before hand with the names of the seven continents and five oceans, along with the names of the two poles, and the word Equator, if you feel this is something your students would benefit from having. 

To access the blank map for assessment, login to Utah's Online Library and select Worldbook Online, then Kids. Next, select Maps and More, Outline Maps and Flags, and then select World. Last, select Without Words, then World, to access the map.