UEN - Utah Core Standards
Diseases & Disorders
This lesson plan was created for a lesson on the different diseases and disorders associated with a sedintary lifestyle. The lesson is designed for a fitness for life class (10th grade PE). This is a fun project to help students learn about diseases and disorders while showing their creative abilities.
This lesson is designed to teach students about a variety of diseses and disorders associated with a lack of physical fitness. Students should be able to recognize the different diseases/disorders and understand how physical fitness can impact their chances of getting the diseases/disorders.
- Time frame: Students should be given 1-2 weeks to complete this project.
- Group size: Students could complete this project as an individual or in groups of 3-4.
- Grade Level: 10-12 (High School)
- Content Area: Fitness for Life (10th Grade PE)
Background for Teachers
To teach this lesson, you will need an understanding of...
The different diseases and disorders associated with a sedentary lifestyle. The list of diseases/disorders covered under this lesson include cardiovascular disease, type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, obesity, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and osteoporosis. It would also be important to have an understanding of how regular physical activity helps lower the risk of getting certain diseases/disorders.
The following resources can help you teach this topic..
Importance of Regular Physical Activity (23.5 Hours a Day Video): https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aUaInS6HIGo&t=45s
Cardiovascular Disease: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/heart-disease/symptoms-causes/syc-20353118
Type 1 Diabetes: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/type-1-diabetes/symptoms-causes/syc-20353011
Type 2 Diabetes: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/type-2-diabetes/symptoms-causes/syc-20351193
High Blood Pressure: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/high-blood-pressure/symptoms-causes/syc-20373410
High Cholesterol: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/high-blood-cholesterol/symptoms-causes/syc-20350800
Student Prior Knowledge
Prior to this lesson, students will need to have an understanding of...
The components of fitness, proper nutrition, and body composition and weight management. Students should already have an understanding of the importance of regular physical fitness. Students should also be familiar with Apple Pages.
Utah Standards Already Understood
Standard FFL.3.1: Discuss the benefits of a physically active lifestyle as it relates to college/ career productivity.
Standard FFL.3.3: Evaluate the validity of claims made by commercial products and programs pertaining to fitness and a healthy, active lifestyle.
Standard FFL.3.17: Explain the concepts related to body composition (e.g., the difference between being overweight and obese, genetic influences, and various ways to measure body composition).
Standard FFL.3.20: Identify personal and family history for known health-risk factors, such as age, gender, body composition, heart rate, coronary heart disease, cancer, diabetes, cholesterol, blood pressure, and daily stress situations.
Standard FFL.3.23: Explain the role of nutrition in overall health and fitness.
Student Learning Intentions & Success Criteria
- Students will be able to...
- Recognize and understand the diseases and disorders associated with a lack of physical activity and proper nutrition.
- Recognize the causes/risk of the diseases and disorders
- Recognize ways to reduce the risks of these diseases and disorders.
- Students will...
- Have a basic understanding of the diseases and disorders associated with a sedentary lifestyle.
- Create an Apple pages project that outlines the following aspects of the disease/disorder
- Title Page - Name of the Disease/Disorder
- Overview of the Disease/Disorder
- Causes & Risk Factors of the Disease/Disorder
- Symptoms of the Disease/Disorder
- Diagnosis of the Disease/Disorder
- Treament & Management of the Disease/Disorder
- Health Problems Caused By the Disease/Disorder
- References Used for the Project
To teach this lesson, you will need to follow the steps below:
- Make sure students have previously been taught the components of fitness, proper nutrition, and body composition and weight management. Students should already have an understanding of the importance of regular physical fitness.
- Briefly review the components of fitness, nutrition, and weight management.
- Explain what the students will be working on for the next few class periods (assignment instructions).
- Go through the example project (Apple Pages) and the grading rubric.
- Be sure to specficially point out components of the example project that are on the grading rubric.
- Offer possible resource websites to students (Mayoclinic.org, CDC.gov, Heart.org)
- Give time for students to ask questions.
- Answer questions and give clarification as needed.
- Give students the remainder of class to work on projects.
- Walk around and help students with any questions they have on the assignment.
Strategies for Diverse Learners
- Provide digital instructions that can be translated into their native language.
- You could also provide them with instructions already translated into their natvie language.
- If the student has lower English proficiency, they could have the option to complete the assignment in their native language.
- Provide simplified instructions with picture examples.
- Students have the option to use fewer words and more media to simplify the project.
- Give individualized instructions after whole-class instruction.
- Work with students one-on-one, as needed.
- If the student has a hard time typing/writing, student could make an Apple Movie talking about the disease/disorder.
Pre-Assessment: Teacher will briefly review the components of fitness, proper nutrition, and body composition and weight management. Students should already have an understanding of the importance of regular physical fitness. Use informal quizzing to check students for understanding. There will be no physical grade for this portion of the assessment.
Assignment: Students will complete the Apple Pages project. I will grade them based on the rubric provided. This way grading is fair and equal for all students. The rubric will allow students to know what is expected for the assignment. Students will also be graded on their comments towards other students' projects. They need to use proper grammar, punctuation, and their comments need to be appropriate.