Author:
Adriane
Subject:
Art and Architecture, Career and Technical Education
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Level:
High School
Tags:
CAD Architectural Design 1, Lesson Plan
License:
Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial
Language:
English
Media Formats:
Text/HTML

Education Standards

(Arch 1) Construction Documents

(Arch 1) Construction Documents

Overview

This is a lesson plan template created by the Utah Education Network. It is meant to guide educators through creating lesson plans that contain all the necessary components for teacher and student success. Remix this template each time you create a lesson to share in eMedia. 

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Summary

Strand 6:

Students will be able to use construction documents to identify components and construct a scaled physical cross section model of a rambler with a basement using readily available materials.

Standard 1:

Identify and construct the components of the following building systems:

  •  Foundation - including footings, stem walls, slab, and porch cap
  •  Engineered Floor - including sill plate, floor joists, and sub-floor
  •  Exterior walls - including exterior & interior materials, and building envelope items such as insulation, doors, and windows
  • Interior walls
  • Stairs - including guardrail and handrail
  • Roof - including energy truss, truss, and rafter

 

  • Time frame: 3 Classes for 50 min each (150 min)  
  • Format: Each of the following will work - synchronous, asynchronous, face-to-face, virtual, etc. (face-to-face being the most ideal).
  • Author: Adriane Wilson

Background for Teachers

This is an activity to discuss with students the various components of a sturcture and prepare students before they are given the task to build a physical model. 

  • To teach this lesson, you will need an understanding of...
  •  Foundation - including footings, stem walls, slab, and porch cap
  •  Engineered Floor - including sill plate, floor joists, and sub-floor
  •  Exterior walls - including exterior & interior materials, and building envelope items such as insulation, doors, and windows
  • Interior walls
  • Stairs - including guardrail and handrail
  • Roof - including energy truss, truss, and rafter
  • The following resources can help you teach this topic...Project Lead The Way (PLTW) Power Points (Civil Engineering and Architecture Course)
  • Search the following resources in Utah's Online Library for articles related to this lesson...TECH: Residential Construction - House Planning (Module)

Step 1 - Goals and Outcomes

Learning Intentions:

  • Students will be able to create a hand drawing of the following components in a section view which will be passed off by the teacher. Making sure all parts are represented. 
  •  Foundation - including footings, stem walls, slab, and porch cap
  •  Engineered Floor - including sill plate, floor joists, and sub-floor
  •  Exterior walls - including exterior & interior materials, and building envelope items such as insulation, doors, and windows
  • Interior walls
  • Stairs - including guardrail and handrail
  • Roof - including energy truss, truss, and rafter

Success Criteria:

  • Students will define each component and visually represent it accurratly to scale, with the intent to use the section created as a template for the model that they will later construct. 

 

Step 2 - Planning Instruction

Student Background Knowledge

  • Prior to this lesson, students will need to have an understanding of and ability to create a residential floor plan by hand as well as within a given software (i.e. Revit, or AutoCAD, etc.). 

Strategies for Diverse Learners

  • Students may be given the same assignment and directed to complete the assignment with a second floor or a deck attached. The student will then have to work on floor heights and or topography.

 

Step 3 - Instruction

 

Directions are given for an activity below: 

Search the following links provided. Pick a website to research different roof types and construction methods..Also, select at least one video to watch from the links provided. Students will then be required to produce and label the different parts of a section view. 

Google Site Example

 

  • Links:

 

Step 4 - Assessments

Several assessment styles will be utilized to ultimately help students complete a cross-section view of their home and finally produce a physical model demonstrating their understanding of how the different structural components of a building go together. 

Pre-Assessment  - This demonstrates that students know how to sketch and have already created a house that they have designed on their own. 

Intermediate Assessment (1)- Useful to help students as they work toward the final product of a completed physical model. 

Additional Intermediate Assessment (2) (Utilize the Residential Framing Slide Show) - This is to check for understanding to ensure each student understands how a building must be framed. 

Final Assessment: Students produce a hand drawing on paper of the cross-section view to construct physically. The teacher will pass this off before students can move forward to start creating the physical model.