Rotational and Reflectional Symmetry of Polygons

Background for Teachers

To teach this lesson, you will need an understanding of geometric transformations, specifically rotations and reflections. For example:

  • Squares have both rotational (90o, 180o, 270o) and reflectional symmetries (vertical, horizontal, and diagonal).

Here are some helpful YouTube videos:

How to Identify and Calculate Rotational Symmetry

Symmetry in Geometry

Here is an interactive webpage that rotates various shapes to set degrees (please note: the rotations here are counterclockwise, where the rotations in the notes and assignment are clockwise).

There are also two copies of the notes and assignment. One is a student version, and the other is the teacher version which includes the answers.

2 of 6